Preparation and characterization of SiC/SiO2 coating by a sol–gel method

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Materials Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Basic Science, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/jtm.2020.238535.1028

Abstract

Introduction: There are different methods of coating. Depending on the benefits and limitations of each, one method will be optimal.
Objective: The aim of this study is to synthesis SiC-SiO2 coatings with different percentages of SiO2 and SiC.
Material and Methods: By changing the parameters affecting the sol, the percentage of SiO2 and SiC in the coating is adjusted to optimize the mechanical properties such as hardness and wear resistance. The morphology of the coating is examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
Result: Suspensions prepared in an acidic environment are rapidly agglomerated and practically cannot be coated. Suspensions prepared in a neutral environment also settle after a very short time. However, the suspensions and colloids prepared in the alkaline environment have a relatively high stability. Therefore, it can be conclude that pH is the main variable of coating process.
Conclusion: The results of this study are expected to be useful for the engineering application of this type of coating.

Graphical Abstract

Preparation and characterization of SiC/SiO2 coating by a sol–gel method

Keywords


1-      H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, A.H. Ahmadi, M.C. Perez, C.E. Bünger, Statistical evaluation of nano-structured hydroxyapatite mechanical characteristics by employing the Vickers indentation technique, Ceramics International 46(12) (2020) 20081-20087, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.05.082
2-      H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, M.C. Perez, C.E. Bünger, Evaluation of Argon-Gas-Injected Solvothermal Synthesis of Hydroxyapatite Crystals Followed by High-Frequency Induction Heat Sintering, Crystal Growth & Design 20(5) (2020) 3182–3189, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.0c00048
3-      H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, C.E. Bünger, Enhanced fracture toughness of three dimensional graphene- hydroxyapatite nanocomposites by employing the Taguchi method, Composites Part B: Engineering 190 (2020) 107928, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.107928
4-      H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, R.Z. Emameh, M.C. Perez, C.E. Bünger, Improving the mechanical behavior of reduced graphene oxide/hydroxyapatite nanocomposites using gas injection into powders synthesis autoclave, Scientific Reports 10 (2020) 8552, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64928-y
5-      H. Nosrati, D.Q.S. Le, R.Z. Emameh, M.C. Perez, C.E. Bünger, Nucleation and growth of brushite crystals on the graphene sheets applicable in bone cement, Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio (2020), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bsecv.2020.05.001
6-      H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, A.H. Ahmadi, M.C. Perez, C.E. Bünger, Investigating the mechanical behavior of hydroxyapatite-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite under different loading rates, Nano Express 1(1) (2020) 010053, https://doi.org/10.1088/2632-959X/ab98e2
7-      H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, C.E. Bünger, R.Z. Emameh, F. Dabir,  Gas injection approach for synthesis of hydroxyapatite nanorods via hydrothermal method, Materials Characterization 159 (2020) 110071, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2019.110071
8-      H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, A.H. Ahmadi, M.C. Perez, Synthesis of Graphene Nanoribbons–Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposite Applicable in Biomedicine and Theranostics, Journal of Nanotheranostics 1(1) (2020) 6-18, https://doi.org/10.3390/jnt1010002
9-      H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, C.E. Bünger, Fabrication of gelatin/hydroxyapatite/3D-graphene scaffolds by a hydrogel 3D-printing method, Materials Chemistry and Physics 239 (2020) 122305, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2019.122305
10-  H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, A.H. Ahmadi, D.Q.S. Le, M.C. Perez, C.E. Bünger, Effect of hydrogen gas pressure on the mechanical properties of reduced graphene oxide-HA nanocomposites, Journal of Tissues and Materials 3(1) 21-30, DOI: 10.22034/JTM.2020.219321.1025
11-  R.Z. EmamehH. NosratiR.A. Taheri, Combination of Biodata Mining and Computational Modelling in Identification and Characterization of ORF1ab Polyprotein of SARS-CoV-2 Isolated from Oronasopharynx of an Iranian Patient, Biological Procedures Online 22 (2020) 8, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12575-020-00121-9
12-  H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, M.C. Perez, C.E. Bünger, Physical evaluation of 3D-printed gelatin-hydroxyapatite-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite as a bone tissue engineering scaffold, Journal of Tissues and Materials 3(1) 1-11, DOI: 10.22034/JTM.2020.218433.1024
13-  R.Z. EmamehM. KuuslahtiH. NosratiH. LohiS. Parkkila, Assessment of databases to determine the validity of β- and γ-carbonic anhydrase sequences from vertebrates, BMC Genomics 21 (2020) 352, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-020-6762-2
14-  H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, M.C. Perez, C.E. Bünger, Studying the physical behavior of human mesenchymal stem cells on the surface of hydroxyapatite after adding graphene as a reinforcement, Journal of Bioengineering Research 2(1) 1-10, DOI: 10.22034/JBR.2019.213164.1018
15-  H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, F. Dabir, D.Q.S. Le, C.E. Bünger, M.C. Perez, M.A. Rodriguez,  Effects of hydrothermal pressure on in situ synthesis of 3D graphene/hydroxyapatite nano structured powders, Ceramics International 45 (2019) 1761–1769, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.10.059
16-  A.H. Ahmadi, H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, Decreasing β- three calcium phosphate particle size using graphite as nucleation sites and diethylene glycol as a chemical additive, Journal of Bioengineering Research 1(4) (2019), DOI:10.22034/JBR.2019.211371.1016
17-  H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, F. Dabir, M.C. Perez, M.A. Rodriguez, D.Q.S. Le, C.E. Bünger, In situ synthesis of three dimensional graphene/hydroxyapatite nano powders via hydrothermal process, Materials Chemistry and Physics 222 (2019) 251–255, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.10.023
18-  H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, F. Dabir, Crystallographic study of hydrothermal synthesis of hydroxyapatite nano-rods using Brushite precursors, Journal of Tissues and Materials 2 (3) (2019) 1-8, DOI: 10.22034/jtm.2019.199830.1022
19-  H. Nosrati, R. Sarraf-Mamoory, D.Q.S. Le, C.E. Bünger, Preparation of reduced graphene oxide/hydroxyapatite nanocomposite and evaluation of graphene sheets/hydroxyapatite interface, Diamond & Related Materials 100 (2019) 107561, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2019.107561
20-  H. Nosrati, D.Q.S. Le, R.Z. Emameh, C.E. Bünger, Characterization of the precipitated Dicalcium Phosphate Dehydrate on the Graphene Oxide surface as a bone cement reinforcement, Journal of Tissues and Materials 2 (1) (2019) 33-46, DOI: 10.22034/jtm.2019.173565.1013
21-  H. Nosrati, N. Ehsani, H. Baharvandi, M. Mohtashami, H. Abdizadeh, V. Mazinani, Effect of primary materials ratio and their stirring time on SiC nanoparticle production efficiency through sol-gel process, American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) 2014; 3(3): 317-321.
22-  H. Nosrati, M.S. Hosseini, M. Nemati, A. Samariha, Production of TiO2 Nano-Rods Using Combination of Sol-Gel and Electrophoretic Methods, Asian Journal of Chemistry 2013; 25(6): 3484-3486, http://dx.doi.org/10.14233/ajchem.2013.14250
23-  A. Samariha, A. Bastani, M. Nemati, M. Kiaei, H. Nosrati, M. Farsi, Investigation of the mechanical properties of Bagasse Flour/Polypropylene composites, Mechanics of Composite Materials 2013; 49(4): 447-454, DOI: 10.1007/s11029-013-9361-3
24-  H. Nosrati, S.H. Tabaian, H. Baharvandi, M. Nemati, A. Samariha, Effect of Nickel Pulse Electroplating Parameters on ST12 Steel, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 2012; 12(9): 1288-1291, DOI: 10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2012.12.9.367
25-  H. Nosrati, N. Ehsani, M. Nemati, A. Samariha, Changing pH to improve efficiency of SiC nano-particles produced by chemical method, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 2012; 12(9): 1250-1253, DOI: 10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2012.12.9.366
26-  A. Samariha, M. Nemati, M. Kiaei, H. Nosrati, F. Ravanbakhsh, Investigation on physical properties of a composite made from Bagasse Flour and recycled high density Polyethylene, American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 2012; 12(2): 164-166.
27-  A. Samariha, M. Talaeipour, M. Nemati, M. Kiaei, F. Ravanbakhsh, H. Nosrati, H. Chitsazi, Effective factors on creating job motivation among faculty members of wood and paper industry groups, J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res. 2012; 2(2): 1672-1677.
28-  J.E. Kasmani, A. Samariha, M. Nemati, H. Nosrati, F. Ravanbakhsh, H. Chitsazi, Evaluating the effect of photo-aging on brightness property of Soda paper produced from Bagasse, J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res. 2012; 2(5): 4658-4660.
29-  J.E. Kasmani, M. Nemati, A. Samariha, H. Chitsazi, N.S. Mohammadi, H. Nosrati, Studying the effect of the age in Eucaliptus camaldulensis species on wood chemical compounds used in pulping process, American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 2011; 11(6): 854-856.
30-  M. Mazloumpour, F. Rahmani, N. Ansari, H. Nosrati, A.H. Rezaei, Study of wicking behavior of water on woven fabric using magnetic induction technique, The journal of the textile institute 2011; 102(7): 559-567, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00405000902952200