Tissue Engineering in Lower Urinary Tract Reconstruction

Document Type: Review Article


1 Tissues and Biomaterials Research Group (TBRG), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Urology Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

4 Pasteur Institute of Iran, National Cell Bank of Iran, Tehran

5 Anesthesiology Research Development Center, Dr. Ali Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Pediatric urology diseases and disorders are often diagnosable by special clinical symptoms. Congenital disorders, iatrogenic injuries, inflammatory diseases, infections, tumor, cancers and other conditions of the genitourinary system are in this category. The treatment of these disorders usually involve classical surgeries including organ transplant from deceased or other methods, which are associated with transplant-related side effects and complications. Tissue engineering is a rapidly expanding, promising field which addresses tissue and organ failure and organ reconstruction. A myriad of Clinical and preclinical studies have been conducted on different treatment methods and tissue engineering in the field of pediatric urology, which have been reviewed in our present study.


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