Document Type: Review Article
Department of Biomaterials Engineering, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran.
Department of Biomaterials Engineering, Maziar University, Noor, Iran.
Department of Tissue Engineering and Applied Cell Sciences, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
Biomaterials Group, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
Department of Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
Biomaterials Group, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
Tissue engineering aims to provide effective organs or substitute tissues for patients. One of the most important factors in this field is biomaterial so with the development of tissue engineering, new tools and materials for designing engineering scaffolds for cellular control and tissue growth are required. Carbon as a biocompatible and hemo-compatible material plays a significant role in the design of prosthetics. Carbon structures are used as implant coating, or as fibers in artificial organs as a strengthening agent. Characteristics of carbon with different morphologies in the body as a prosthetic have been demonstrated its high performance. One of the new structural forms of carbon is its nanostructure that can increase preformation of prostheses and be also used in different fields of medical sciences such as drug delivery and tissue engineering. Carbon nanostructures are new candidate that may meet the needs of various bio-medical applications and thus can be an important engineering material for tracking and detecting cells, delivering drugs and biological agents, and cellular scaffolds.